The south american camelids new world camelids include the llama the penis ends in a short cartilaginous process unique which assists in dilation of the cervix during intromission semen is thought to be deposited into the uterus the testes are located in a non pendulous scrotum ventral to the anus testicles of adult male llamas are smaller that other domestic animals of similar . Reproduction in south american camelids introduction the south american camelids sac or new world camelids include the llama lama glama alpac a lama pacos guanaco lama guanicoe and vicuna vicugna or lama vicugna of these four species only llamas and alpacas have been extensively domesticated interbreeding can apparently occur between any of the four species producing fertile . A camelids value as a wool producer nearly caused its extincton because of the high de mand for their precious wool poachers began exterminating the s a camelids at an alarm ing rate these animals are now protected by law 1 the south american camelid is also prov ing to be quite a valuable animal in the united states llamas are . Assisted reproductive technologies that are now routinely used in other domestic livestock species particularly ruminants have the potential to increase the rate of genetic improvement in south american camelids for instance the export of frozen semen and embryos internationally has obvious advantages in reducing costs and eliminating health problems associated with the transport and
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